Vegetative vascular dystonia (VSD)

Perhaps it is difficult to find a patient living in the territory of one of the former Soviet Union countries who has not experienced such a diagnosis as vegeto-vascular dystonia (VSD). At the same time, many doctors deny the existence of such a disease. Let's try to understand the such a strange situation.The term "vegetative vascular dystonia" has been used since the late 50s of the last century to characterize a complex of a wide variety of symptomatic manifestations that are not characteristic of any other specific disease. Na today, there is no such concept in the International classification of diseases, although there are some names that reflect VSD - problems on the part of the nervous system, for example, "somatoform autonomic dysfunction of the nervous system". Psychovegetative syndrome and cardioneurosis are mentioned as synonyms of the condition, vegetarian, neurocirculatory dystonia. In most cases, VSD develops against the background of an existing underlying disease, a mental disorder, during periods of hormonal restructuring of the body.The symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia are numerous and include disorders from almost anyone organ's.On the part of the cardiovascular system, there are pressure drops, rapid heartbeat, pain behind the sternum, sensations of hot / cold flushes, increased sweating, pre-fainting, etc.Respiratory signs of VSD include feelings of lack of air, a "coma" in the throat, problems with breathing inhaling, shortness of breath.Disorders of a neurological nature are manifested by headaches, darkening of the eyes, especially with a sharp transition to an upright position, dizziness, trembling of the hands, fainting (often in stuffy, hot rooms), problems with sleep, muscle cramps, a tingling sensation in the chest limbs, etc.On the part of the gastrointestinal tract, dyspeptic disorders, nausea, increased gas formation, abdominal pain, changes in appetite may be present.Possible violation of the thermoregulatory function of the body in the form of chills, a constant temperature increase to subfebrile values'.Genitourinary symptoms are characterized by increased urination, decreased sexual desire, and erectile dysfunction.Anxiety, irrational fears and restlessness, irritability, impaired attention, concentration, memory loss, sleep problems, mood swings, and others such manifestations constitute groups of mental symptoms of VSD.In some patients, the symptoms are wavy, when periods of relative rest are replaced by exacerbations (crises).If a patient complains of certain problems from the above when contacting a doctor, it is important to first it is necessary to exclude common diseases that may be characterized by the same symptoms:arrhythmias and hypertension;iron deficiency, anemia;path